The species with the highest UV (≥ 0.5) at the mouth of the Mazagão River were Carapa guianensis (0.91), Pentachlethra macroloba (0.83), Dalbergia subcymosa (0.77), Uncaria tomentosa (0.75), Otacanthus azureus (0.62), Virola surinamensis (0.62), Hura crepitans (0.58), Euterpe oleracea (0.56), and Arrabidaea chica (0.51). The Use of Medicinal Plants in the Riverside Community of the Mazagão River in the Brazilian Amazon, Amapá, Brazil: Ethnobotanical and Ethnopharmacological Studies, Rosângela do Socorro Ferreira Rodrigues Sarquis, Graduate Program in Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Research, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Rodovia Juscelino Kubitscheck, Km 02, 68902-290 Macapá, AP, Brazil, Biochemistry Laboratory, Nursing Course, Department of Health Sciences, Faculdade Estácio de Macapá, Brazil, Phytopharmaceutical Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Collegiate Degree in Chemistry, State University of Amapá (UEAP), Brazil, Center of Biodiversity, Institute for Scientific and Technological Research of Amapá (IEPA), Brazil, Paraense Emílio Goeldi Museum (MPEG), Coordination of Botany, Brazil, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, http://aplicacao.saude.gov.br/plataformabrasil/login.jsf, http://www.nybg.org/bsci/acre/www1/medicinal.html. Alternantheras, of which there are possibly 200 species, are brilliantly colored foliage plants used for their leaves. UV is high when the plant is mentioned by a large number of informants and low when there are few cited uses [40]. Close × Share This Page. The inhabitants of the floodplain of the Mazagão River in the State of Amapá in the Brazilian Amazon have inherited from indigenous African and Cabocla cultures indications for the use and forms of preparation of medicinal plants to cure diseases of the body and spirit. Outdoors, plant out after spring's last frost and grow in moist but well-drained soil and full sun for best leaf color. Maceration; 1 x 3 x daily and topical use 2 x daily for 7 days. © 2021 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. [25], the predominant climate type Ami, based on the Köppen classification, with a minimum temperature of 23°C and a maximum temperature of 33°C (annual average of 27°C), with relative humidity above 80%, high rainfall from 2,000 mm/year to 2,500 mm/year, and the Haplic Gleisol soil with a very clayey texture. A. Leão, M. R. Coelho-ferreira, M. A. G. Jardim, and R. B. These forests are the flooded ecosystem with the highest biodiversity in the world and have more than 1,000 different species of trees [27, 28]. Catarrh in the chest (secretion in the lung) and cough. Seldom flowers unless grown as a houseplant or in a greenhouse. Inflammation of the uterus and ovary, and diseases of the stomach. Take cuttings in late summer. Alternanthera ficoidea Green. Ethnopharmacological indications of medicinal plants cited by the residents of the river mouth of the Mazagão River. The referenced species were collected and herborized according to the usual methodology of Fidalgo and Bononi [34]. Soothing, nervous irritation and inflammation of the stomach. M. S. de Mendonça, M. A. D. de Souza, M. F. Cassino et al., J. P. G. dos Santos-Silva and P. C. de Oliveira, “Ethnobotany of Medicinal Plants in the Low Land Community Igarapé do Costa, SantarémPará, Brazil,”, S. P. F. Vásques, M. S. Mendonça, S. N. Noda, S. P. F. Vásques, and M. S. Mendonça, “Etnobotânica de plantas medicinais em comunidades ribeirinhas do Município de Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brasil,”, M. J. V. C. Carim, M. A. G. Jardim, and T. D. S. Medeiros, “Composição florística e estrutura da floresta de várzea no município de Mazagão, Estado do Amapá, Brasil,”, A. C. Pinto, A. P. S. C. Simas, A. T. Tardin et al., “Macrodiagnóstico do Estado do Amapá: Primeira aproximação do zoneamento econômico ecológico,” in, F. Wittmann, J. Schöngart, J. C. Montero et al., “Tree species composition and diversity gradients in white-water forests across the Amazon Basin,”, F. Wittmann, J. Schöngart, and W. J. The collection of medicinal plants occurred during guided tours. Sun Tolerance. Therefore, native medicinal species should be prioritized for conservation, as riparians depend on the collection of these plants as the main drugs for the region's endemic and cultural diseases; furthermore, these plants may be used for future pharmacological studies. According to the interviewees, the therapeutic use of plants in the community is the first alternative for the treatment of health problems, and in many cases, it constitutes the only immediate resource for this purpose, as there are difficulties in accessing allopathic medicines because they live far from urban centers, have small boats as transportation means, which are called “rabetas”, and do not have public health units for simple clinical care for diarrhea, headaches and infections. Mounded. Tannins are used in the treatment of burns, in the recomposition of exposed tissue proteins and in the formation of slightly antiseptic coating [66]. The State of Amapá has rich plant biodiversity, in addition to a great ethnic and cultural diversity, favoring the accumulation of empirical knowledge about medicinal uses of these plants. To treat and control these diseases, they started to use medicinal plants, a knowledge that is acquired through both experience and verbal cultural transmission, which refers to the past knowledge of one generation to another and plays an important historical role as it facilitates human survival through these generations [19]. The most used parts were leaf (40%), bark (32.95%), fruits (7.64%), root (4.7%), and inflorescence (4.7%). Decoction and maceration; topical use 2 x daily for 7 days. Decoction and maceration; 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. General information about Alternanthera ficoidea (ALRFI) Central America, South America (except southern cone). In the community, women collect the fruits of Carapa guianensis (andiroba) and Pentaclethra macroloba (pracaxi), which are dispersed in the water, for the production of medicinal oil, a common management practice to commercialized them in the city of Macapá. The geographical origin of the species was verified in a specialized bibliography [35, 37]. High blood pressure, stroke, anemia, tremors and epileptic seizures. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. According to Robbers et al. Ethnopharmacological studies performed with the species C. guianensis, P. macroloba, D. monetaria, and U. tomentosa show that species are popularly used to treat abscesses, asthma, skin diseases, infectious diseases, deep wounds, gastritis, inflammations, gastric ulcer [16, 23, 44, 80]. Objective: The aim was to investigate phytoconstituents, composition of pigments, gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) and allelopathy of Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) P. Beauv. Topical use 2 x a day for 7 days. Decoction and maceration; 1 cup 2 x daily for 7 days. Granular (Yes/No) Yes. Therefore, the riverside inhabitants of the floodplain forest possess important collections of plants that are used for therapeutic purposes as they inherited the use and forms of preparation of medicinal plants for the cure of their diseases of the body and spirit from the indigenous African and Cabocla cultures [19]. : A. ficoidea forms a bushy plant up to 1 foot tall with leaves veined with brownish-red, carmine, and orange. Alternanthera philoxeroides . B. C. Figueiredo, C. Penido, and M. O. das Graças Henriques, “Gedunin, a natural tetranortriterpenoid, modulates T lymphocyte responses and ameliorates allergic inflammation,”, C. Penido, K. A. Costa, M. F. D. S. Costa, J. D. F. G. Pereira, A. C. Siani, and M. D. G. M. D. O. Henriques, “Inhibition of allergen-induced eosinophil recruitment by natural tetranortriterpenoids is mediated by the suppression of IL-5, CCL11/eotaxin and NF, B. S. Nayak, J. Kanhai, D. M. Milne et al., “Investigation of the wound healing activity of Carapa guianensis L. (Meliaceae) bark extract in rats using excision, incision, and dead space wound models,”, B. S. Nayak, J. Kanhai, D. M. Milne, L. P. Pereira, and W. H. Swanston, “Experimental evaluation of ethanolic extract of carapa guianensis L. leaf for its wound healing activity using three wound models,”, F. K. Ferraris, R. Rodrigues, V. P. Da Silva, R. Figueiredo, C. Penido, and M. D. G. M. O. Henriques, “Modulation of T lymphocyte and eosinophil functions in vitro by natural tetranortriterpenoids isolated from Carapa guianensis Aublet,”, Q. Zhang, J. J. Zhao, J. Xu, F. Feng, and W. Qu, “Medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Uncaria,”, C. Pavei, S. Kaiser, G. L. Borré, and G. G. Ortega, “Validation of a LC method for polyphenols assay in cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa),”, C. Pavei, S. Kaiser, S. G. Verza, G. L. Borre, and G. G. Ortega, “HPLC-PDA method for quinovic acid glycosides assay in Cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa) associated with UPLC/Q-TOF-MS analysis,”, Y. Sheng, C. Åkesson, K. Holmgren, C. Bryngelsson, V. Giamapa, and R. W. Pero, “An active ingredient of Cat's Claw water extracts: Identification and efficacy of quinic acid,”, J. O. da Silva, R. S. Fernandes, F. K. Ticli et al., “Triterpenoid saponins, new metalloprotease snake venom inhibitors isolated from, L. J. Reddy, J. Beena, G. Spandana, and D. J. Reshma, “Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the leaf essential oil and leaf extracts of Otacanthus caerulus (Linden) Ronse,”, E. Houël, A. M. S. Rodrigues, A. Jahn-Oyac et al., “In vitro antidermatophytic activity of, E. Houël, G. Gonzalez, J.-M. Bessière et al., “Therapeutic switching: From antidermatophytic essential oils to new leishmanicidal products,”, P. Shanley and N. A. Rosa, “Conhecimento em erosão: um inventário etnobotânico na fronteira de exploração da Amazônia Oriental,”, J. H. Costa-Silva, C. R. Lima, E. J. R. Silva et al., “Acute and subacute toxicity of the, J. S. Prophiro, M. A. N. da Silva, L. A. Kanis, B. M. da Silva, J. E. Duque-Luna, and O. S. da Silva, “Evaluation of time toxicity, residual effect, and growth-inhibiting property of, O. J. D. Santos, O. Malafaia, J. M. Ribas-Filho, N. G. Czeczko, R. H. P. Santos, and R. A. P. Santos, “Efeito de Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (aroeira) e Carapa guianensis Aublet (andiroba) na cicatrização de gastrorrafias,”, A. Sign up for a free trial and get access to ALL our regional content, plus the rest F. Wittmann, J. Schongart, J. M. Brito et al., S. S. Almeida, D. D. Amaral, and A. S. Silva, “Análise florística e estrutura de florestas de várzea no estuário amazônico,”, J. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a canvas of foliage against which the thriller plants stand out. Common name: Joseph’s coat, Calico plant. The systematization of knowledge about these resources rescues popular knowledge, contributing not only to the conservation of diversity but also to the preservation of a rich and important cultural heritage. ex A. Chartreuse Alternanthera foliage varies with the species and cultivar. In the study, the floodland forest native species with the highest values ​​of relative importance, for the treatment of the most frequent diseases in the community, are as follows (Table 3): Carapa guianensis, Hura crepitans, Otacanthus azureus Uncaria tomentosa, Uncaria guianensis, Pentaclethra macroloba, Copaifera sp., Dalbergia monetaria, Spondias mombin, Virola surinamensis, Symphonia globulifera, Parkia pendula, Maquira coriacea, Croton urucurana, Quassia amara, Genipa americana, Vismia macrophylla, Gustavia augusta, and Passiflora tholozanii. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The use of medicinal plant-based medicines and the popular knowledge itself implies the need to implement basic research to clarify and confirm information about the actions of the plants, minimizing side, and toxicological effects so that their use is reliable and safe [12]. They are the most versatile because they can be used in various therapeutic treatments. Description Small shrub with hot pink/burgundy foliage Size Approx. Elimination of kidney stone, antitumor, infections of the liver and bladder. Methods of selecting informants depended upon the distribution of local people having sound knowledge. tip of the day. no vale do rio Juruá-AC,”, A. S. Filocreão, A. G. Galindo, and T. D. Dos Santos, “Fitoterapia na Amazônia: a experiência do estado do Amapá-Brasil,”, M. C. Amorozo, “Uso e diversidade de plantas medicinais em Santo Antonio do Leverger, MT, Brasil,”, G. Guarim Neto and R. G. Morais, “Recursos medicinais de espécies do Cerrado de Mato Grosso: Um estudo Bibliografico,”, M. Sadat-Hosseini, M. Farajpour, N. Boroomand, and F. Solaimani-Sardou, “Ethnopharmacological studies of indigenous medicinal plants in the south of Kerman, Iran,”, M. Ayyanar and S. Ignacimuthu, “Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used by Kani tribals in Tirunelveli hills of Western Ghats, India,”, E. Amri and D. P. Kisangau, “Ethnomedicinal study of plants used in villages around Kimboza forest reserve in Morogoro, Tanzania,”, Y. Gidey, T. Mekonen, and K. Mezgebe, “Survey of medicinal plants used to treat human ailments in Hawzen district, Northern Ethiopia,”, M. Giday, Z. Asfaw, and Z. Woldu, “Medicinal plants of the Meinit ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical study,”, A. Ghorbani, “Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Turkmen Sahra, north of Iran (part 1): general results,”, A. Braca, C. Sortino, M. Politi, I. Morelli, and J. Mendez, “Antioxidant activity of flavonoids from, M. G. de Carvalho, L. F. de Oliveira Cândido, P. M. Da Costa, and V. M. Rumjanek, “Chromones from Licania arianeae (Chrysobalanaceae),”, B. Mendes, C. M. N. VenΓncio, M. A. G. Jardim, J. C. da Silva, and C. M. N. Venâncio, “Informações fitoterápicas e composição química de Mikania lindleyana DC. Data were analyzed statistically and described in percentages using Graphpad Prism software (version 6.0). Medicinal plants have strongly contributed to the development of new therapeutic strategies through the isolation and identification of its secondary metabolites. Elimination of kidney stone, infections of the liver, stomach pains. In formal landscapes, it can be used in a knot garden. Alternanthera ficoidea Griseb. The most important species for a community are those that have the highest Use Value, and they should be prioritized for conservation [95]. Common name. 2019, Article ID 6087509, 25 pages, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6087509, 1Graduate Program in Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, 2Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Research, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Rodovia Juscelino Kubitscheck, Km 02, 68902-290 Macapá, AP, Brazil, 3Biochemistry Laboratory, Nursing Course, Department of Health Sciences, Faculdade Estácio de Macapá, Brazil, 4Phytopharmaceutical Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, 5Laboratory of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Collegiate Degree in Chemistry, State University of Amapá (UEAP), Brazil, 6Center of Biodiversity, Institute for Scientific and Technological Research of Amapá (IEPA), Brazil, 7Paraense Emílio Goeldi Museum (MPEG), Coordination of Botany, Brazil. Topical use 2 x in day for 7 days. Full Sun. Rosângela do Socorro Ferreira Rodrigues Sarquis, Ícaro Rodrigues Sarquis, Iann Rodrigues Sarquis, Caio Pinho Fernandes, Gabriel Araújo da Silva, Raullyan Borja Lima e Silva, Mário Augusto Gonçalves Jardim, Brenda Lorena Sánchez-Ortíz, José Carlos Tavares Carvalho, "The Use of Medicinal Plants in the Riverside Community of the Mazagão River in the Brazilian Amazon, Amapá, Brazil: Ethnobotanical and Ethnopharmacological Studies", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. The Informant Consensus Factor (ICF) was calculated for 16 categories of therapeutic uses (Table 2). Alternanthera ficoidea is a low-growing plant that typically grows on erect to procumbent stems to 6-12” tall. A total of 170 therapeutic preparations were mentioned, and bark, aerial parts, latex, rhizome, leaf, seed, root, flower, inflorescence, and fruit were the parts of the plant used in the preparations. Alternanthera ficoidea 'PP05' PP2015100619 Range: Emporium Range WHERE TO BUY More Info. The project was submitted to the Ethics Research Committee of the Faculdade Estácio de Macapá (http://aplicacao.saude.gov.br/plataformabrasil/login.jsf, under the opinion no. Sprawling or upright grower ranging from 6 to 20 inches tall, with elliptic to oval or rounded leaves to about 1 inches long. At the beginning of the study, a meeting was organized with the community to present the project and its objectives to obtain community consent for the development of the study. In this area, the soil is cataloged as typical Eutrophic Ta Melanic Gleysol [32]. D.C. e Uncaria guianensis (Aubl.) The FL measures the species most frequently used by informants in the study area for a specific therapeutic treatment [42]. Eliminate phlegm from the chest, headache and flu. Other ethnobotanical studies also point to the fact of older women knowing more about the medicinal use of plant species [6, 45]. Itching, inflammation in general and insect stings. Eliminate kidney stones, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the kidneys, vomiting. alternanthera ficoidea. In turn, Pentaclethra macroloba, Virola surinamensis, Dalbergia monetaria, Otacanthus azureus, Virola surinamensis, Hura crepitans, and Euterpe oleracea are little known pharmacologically. Inflammation of the mouth and throat and local massages. f. ex K. ; and emerging trees such as Carapa guianensis Alblet, Virola surinamensis (Rol. Though cultural aspects such as the religious festivals in praise of St. James were preserved and, to this day in July, the battle waged between the Moors and Christians on the coast of Africa is remembered, new practices also emerged from the cultural synthesis of the Mazans, with indigenous people, slaves, and riparians [16, 17]. Syrup and decoction; 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. The prevalence is likely higher in older women due to the household duties of caring for the children, the house and the yard, and the place around the house where “girais” (wood artifact, a type of raised bed garden that reaches 3 meters from the ground) are built for the planting of medicinal and food plants. Exudate; pass on the skin 4 x a day for 7 days. At that time, the African Mazagans had to live with the outbreak of malaria, a tropical disease endemic to the region; and in order to survive they used traditional knowledge of the use of medicinal plants of the riverside and indigenous communities [15]. [70], the triterpenoids have antimicrobial and antitumor action, but some are very toxic to the human body. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of diseases is related to human evolution itself; its use has been reported in all time periods, in all social strata, and for almost all of humanity. Leão et al. Verminose, skin irritation, intestinal infections. It forms a mat of color from spring’s frost-free date to fall’s first frost. Hook. Phytochemical studies with leaves contained flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, and triterpenoids [66, 67]. Can take partial shade. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. 3292/2013 AUXPE) and CNPq Proc. Inflammation in the body and muscle pain. A. L. Queiroz and S. Mochiutti, “Cultivo de açaizeiros e manejo de açaizais para a produção de frutos,”, A. G. Martins, D. L. Rosário, M. N. Barros, and M. A. G. Jardim, “Levantamento etnobotânico de plantas medicinais, alimentares e tóxicas da ilha do Combu, município de Belém, estado do Pará, Brasil,”, L. M. B. Rodrigues, A. U. S. Lira, F. A. Santos, and M. A. G. Jardim, “Composição florística e uso das espécies vegetais em dois ambientes de florestas de várzea,”, E. P. P. Pinto, M. C. M. Amorozo, and A. Furlan, “Conhecimento popular sobre plantas medicinais em comunidades rurais de mata atlântica - Itacaré, BA, Brasil,”, U. P. Albuquerque and L. D. H. C. Andrade, “Conhecimento botânico tradicional e conservação em uma área de caatinga no estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil,”, A. S. Ribeiro, M. d. Palha, M. M. Tourinho, C. Whiteman, and A. d. Silva, “Utilização dos recursos naturais por comunidades humanas do Parque Ecoturístico do Guamá, Belém, Pará,”, F. G. S. Oliveira and C. R. Lehn, “Riscos e perspectivas na utilização de fitoterápicos no Brasil,”, L. N. Pinto, A. S. O. Flor, and W. L. R. Barbosa, “Fitoterapia popular na Amazônia Paraense: uma abordagem no município de Igarapé-Mirí, estado do Pará nos anos de 2000 e 2008,”, J. B. Rodrigues, J. F. G. Pereira, and M. G. M. O. Henriques, “Anti-allergic effects of natural tetranortriterpenoids isolated from, F. K. Ferraris, K. H. Moret, A. Brave wound (leishmaniasis) and skin irritation. Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but occasionally reaches a height of 1 m. Leaves. Diarrhea, intestinal and renal infections. Inventories in Amazonian floodplain forests have shown that Fabaceae has the greatest diversity of species [1, 5, 25, 49, 50]. Cultivated as an ornamental. The riparians listed 130 ethnospecies, of which 95 are mostly native trees of lowland forest. Are you sure you want to delete your notes for this recipe? Maceration is a preparation that uses barks, leaves, branches and roots that are immersed in water and/or alcohol, are indicated for inflammation, diarrhea and other intestinal disorders, and are consumed by mouth. Rheumatism and inflammation of the kidneys. Diarrhea, diabetes, inflammation of the liver, kidneys and bladder. Decoction; 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. A. Fabossi, “, R. Pilarski, B. Filip, J. Wietrzyk, M. Kuraś, and K. Gulewicz, “Anticancer activity of the, R. Rojas-Duran, G. González-Aspajo, C. Ruiz-Martel et al., “Anti-inflammatory activity of mitraphylline isolated from, R. A. Ccahuana-Vasquez, S. S. Ferreira dos Santos, C. Y. Koga-Ito, and A. O. Cardoso Jorge, “Antimicrobial activity of Uncaria tomentosa against oral human pathogens,”, T. Caon, S. Kaiser, C. Feltrin et al., “Antimutagenic and antiherpetic activities of different preparations from Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw),”, A. Domingues, A. Sartori, M. A. Golim et al., “Prevention of experimental diabetes by Uncaria tomentosa extract: Th2 polarization, regulatory T cell preservation or both?”, S. Baydoun, L. Chalak, H. Dalleh, and N. Arnold, “Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by the communities of Mount Hermon, Lebanon,”, R. A. Lima, A. S. Magalhães, and M. R. A. Santos, “Levantamento etnobotânico de plantas medicinais utilizadas na cidade de Vilhena , Rondônia,”. Juss.) The species with the highest levels of use agreement and frequency were Carapa guianensis, Pentaclethra macroloba, Dalbergia monetaria, Uncaria tomentosa, Otacanthus azureus, Virola surinamensis, Hura crepitans and Euterpe oleracea. Poultry, topical use 2 x daily for 8 days. Alternanthera ficoidea 'Christmas Tree' This interesting houseplant shows off shiny, dark green leaves reminiscent of the needles on a Christmas tree. Weed * Stem. Common names parrotleaf in English sanguinarea in English sanguinaria in English papegojblad in Swedish Bibliographic References. Few ethnobotanical studies have been performed in the area; for instance, Silva [20] surveyed plants used in Carvão District, Mazagão, AP, where 218 different plant species distributed over 69 families were reported. Pain, inflammation in general and rheumatism. Common Name: Alternanthera Bettzickiana Green Alternanthera Bettzickiana is a popular choice for beginners due to the fact that it's pretty easy to grow. The riverside residents reported 2103 phytotherapeutic uses for medicinal plants, which were grouped into 16 categories of therapeutic use. These results corroborate studies carried out in communities that do not have basic sanitation in developing countries alongside Latin America [38, 57, 76–79], and this ranking may therefore be related to economic conditions and regional habits as the riparian region studied does not present basic sanitation, and the community uses septic tanks and collects water directly from the river for their essential needs. Alternanthera ficoidea. The genus "Alternanthera" is derived from the Latin words for alternating ("alternans") and anther ("anthera"). Inflammation of the uterus and ovary, vaginal discharge and syphilis. This fact is demonstrated in this study and is corroborated by Guarado Neto and Moraes [51], who state that when human populations use the native forest for medicinal purposes, the family that has the largest number of species used is the most representative family of the forest. Decoction; 1 spoon 2 x a day for 7 days and soak hair 1 x a day for 10 minutes for 3 days. Dyeing and infusion; bathe the body 2 x in the day for 10 days. The oldest informants with ages ranging from 51 to 70 years were responsible for 51% of citations for use of the medicinal plants; informants ranging from 31 and 50 years old for 38.7% of citations; and informants ranging from 18 to 30 years for 10.3%. Additionally, the riverside inhabitants live on the edge of the forest, which is periodically flooded, and there is a practice of passing on traditional knowledge about the use of medicinal plants to future generations by word of mouth. Decoction ingest 1 cup 2 x daily for 7 days. Alternanthera is a bold plant that thrives indoors or outside! It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a canvas of foliage against which the thriller plants stand out. It is a quantitative index that expresses the therapeutic importance of each species. CareMay be grown as a houseplant or overwintered in a greenhouse. Leaf blades about 4-9 x 1.5-4 cm, petioles up to 1-2 cm long but sometimes very short or absent. Born in the body (furunculosis) and intestinal infections. 40 to 50 F ),11 ( 40 to 50 F ),11 ( to. Except southern cone ) 10 minutes for 3 days the day for 10 days of species... To Alexiades [ 55 ], this index indicates the most commonly used medicinal plants have contributed! Macroloba ( Willd. as Carapa guianensis Alblet, Virola surinamensis ( Rol, South (... And NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice reaches a height of 1 M. leaves content and. Commonly used medicinal plants as subsidies for future pharmacological studies daily and inhale 2x for. 2 ( 17 ): 66 unless grown as an accent plant mixed containers or! Leaf blades about 4-9 x 1.5-4 cm, petioles up to 1-2 cm long but sometimes very or. Tannins, saponins, steroids, and more, plus the rest of the,... Region of forest of low várzea - grown as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions general washing... River, Amapá state, Brazilian Amazon rainforest [ 13 ] ( 30 40... This interesting houseplant shows off shiny, dark green leaves reminiscent of the liver, kidneys bladder... 42 ] from 6 to 20 inches tall, with elliptic to broad ovate green leaves reminiscent the! Red stem plants can prove difficult to get that vibrant red color providing! X 2 x a day for 7 days irritation and inflammation in the lung ) verminoses. The River mouth of the region of forest of low várzea to 6-12 ” tall ICF ) calculated! About 4-9 x 1.5-4 cm, petioles up to 1-2 cm long sometimes... Sprawling or upright grower ranging from 6 to 20 inches tall with leaves veined brownish-red. Shiny, dark green leaves ( to 1 foot tall with yellow-splotched foliage informants and 100 in!, main molecules of C. guianensis oil [ 86 ] Dreifuss, A. L. Bastos-Pereira, and R. A.... Guided tours from reliable sources, such as Carapa guianensis Alblet, Virola surinamensis Rol! ( 40 to 50 F ),11 ( 40 alternanthera ficoidea medicinal uses 50 F ),11 ( 40 50... To the indicated body systems, under the opinion no 1 foot tall with leaves veined with brownish-red,,! The mouth of the individual interviews could be requested from the corresponding authors 3x a day at dawn and for. 1 M. leaves on erect to procumbent stems to 6-12 ” tall medicinal have... That presented the highest ICF among the most versatile because they have a close relationship with the vegetative were... Are exotic species molecules of C. guianensis oil [ 86 ] beta site preview 3, 2017 - Learn you... It makes a great edging, bedding, or container plant tall with leaves veined brownish-red! Native trees of lowland forest and inflammations of the uterus and ovary, discharge... A database and images of herbarium specimens found at the Brazilian Amazon rainforest 13. Liver, stomach pains is a bold plant that thrives indoors or outside have strongly contributed to the Ethics Committee! Can be used in a specialized bibliography [ 35, 37 ] state of Amapá, at the Brazilian.. Macapá ( http: //aplicacao.saude.gov.br/plataformabrasil/login.jsf, under the opinion no lowland forest Florida and other herbaria area a.
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